How to Effectively Spend the ‘Night of Decree & Power’ (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر)


By: Mufti Muhammad Noman Daji, Batley, UK – course.correspondence@gmail.com)
(Monday 18th May 2020 – 25th Ramadhan Al-Kareem 1441 A.H

مبارک ہو مسلمانو! مبارک رات آئی ہے-
خدا کی رحمتوں اور برکتوں کو ساتھ لائی ہے-
(Hazrat Qari Siddeeq Aḥmad Bandwi (RA))

Context of the Article
With the taufeeq and grace of Allah Ta’ala Alhamdulillah I have written extensively on the holy, auspicious and divine month – Ramadhan Kareem. And I appreciate there is much more that can be written on the gems and pearls this vast divine ocean of mercy embeds. The holy month is truly a month that never stops giving, hence, it is also described as Kareem (كريم). We just need to receive and be receptive to the divine mercies by removing all the barriers and blockers in between the divine mercies of the auspicious month and our Self (نفس).

The write up and penning of these reflective pieces are not part of a planned activity. They happened as the Divine willed it to happen without any planning or intervention on my part. Similarly, I hadn’t actively thought or planned to write on the Night of Decree & Power (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر) but for the last few days a desire (Da’iyah / داعية) in the mind and spiritual heart was brewing and was gaining momentum that I should share some thoughts. And the sign of this inner calling (داعية) was that Allah Ta’ala had dropped various beneficial and inspiring thoughts in my mind and spiritual heart.

For this reason I am sharing these reflective thoughts coupled with some practical guidelines hoping my brothers and sisters in Islam who are like me that prefer and like broad guidelines and small acts and dislike rigid routines or a long list of optional acts will benefit from this piece and be receptive of it. I believe this compact approach is more inline with Prophetic teachings and Tarbiyah too as is evident from the Hadeeth of Ummul Mumineen Hazrat Aishah Siddiquah (Allah be pleased with her) mentioned further down.

I pray Almighty accept this humble effort and make it beneficial for all the readers. And I pray Allah Ta’ala grants us all the taufeeq to make good use of the blessed nights and increase our devotion further right till the sighting of the crescent moon. Aameen!

Concept of Sacredness in Terms of Time (زمان) and Place (مكان)
Our Merciful Rabb has not left His servants (us) to our own devices even after calling back His Beloved and Final Prophet, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) and even after completing His Final and Holy Book Al-Quran. Allah Ta’ala continually and constantly sends and showers us with His mercies and reminders in many subtle and apparent ways and methods to draw us closer to Him (سبحانه). Some mercies and reminders are through blessings (نِعَم) whereas others are through trials and tribulations (مصايب). Wise is the one who utilises both forms and types of mercies to draw him/her closer to Allah Ta’ala (سبحانه). And wise is the one who tries to understand the underlying wisdom for the particular blessing or trial. By divine design that is the underlying reason why we are given or inflicted with blessings and trials i.e. to re-connect you and strengthen your connection with your Loving and Merciful Creator and Sustainer further. The blessings and trials serve this purpose.

For this reason (to re-connect, remind, etc) Allah Ta’ala has installed sacredness to particular times (Zaman / زمان) of the year and to particular places (Makan / مكان) on this earth. In terms of timings (Zaman / زمان) out of all the twelve months of the year Allah Ta’ala has chosen and blessed the holy month more by placing and embedding it with special divine blessings and sacredness with the aim that it can catapult and lead the sincere and striving believer closer to Allah Ta’ala and to their purpose of life i.e. total servitude, submission and surrender to Allah Ta’ala. And Allah Ta’ala through His (سبحانه) infinite grace and mercy in this holy and auspicious month has installed and embedded additional and added sacredness to the ‘Night of Decree & Power’. And by keeping the special night unspecified there is an added bonus to strengthen the connection with the Creator due to the extended and extra effort the sincere and committed believer will exert in finding this special night. This is a subtle divine mercy and divine wisdom.

In Islamic terminology the term night in this context denotes the time from Maghrib (sunset) till the Subha Sādiq (dawn). So the full duration from start to end of this blessed night is known and clear on the readers. Hence, this entire time needs to be utilised wisely where at the minimum we are not engaged in any outward or inward forms of sins (معاصي). With particular focus, care and concern (اهتمام) we need to avoid all form of sins and acts of disobedience in these sacred and blessed nights as the consequences of not avoiding are also severe. Who knows what divine fruits and blessings this small but sincere act and gesture of ours will result in.

Besides these sacred timings (زمان) in the form of Ramadhan or the night known as Lailat-ul-Qadr Allah Ta’ala has also designated other days and nights with sacredness throughout the year too. For example, the first ten nights of Zul Hijjah, the Day of Arafat, the day of 10th of Muharram, etc. Hence, the divine mercies are scattered throughout the year to continuously grant us repeated opportunity that we re-connect and return to Allah Ta’ala, our Loving and Merciful Creator.

In terms of places (مكان) Allah Ta’ala has blessed and designated the geographical area around the Ka’bah as sacred and with special blessings (حرمِ مكّة); also, the area around Bait-Ul-Maqdis (بيت المقدس) known as the sacred and holy lands i.e. ارضِ مقدّسة; etc. These are just some of the sacred places.

Allah Ta’ala has the power and prerogative to designate any time and place as sacred as He (سبحانه) wishes. Allah Ta’ala also gave this dispensation and right to His Beloved Prophet, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him). The Prophet (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) used this right and dispensation to designate the area around the Prophets Masjid (Masjid Nabawi / مسجد نبوى) as sacred and holy. The area is known as the ‘Haram of Al-Madinah’ (حرمِ مدينة).

It is the immense and intense mercy of Allah Ta’ala that He (سبحانه) provides such auspicious and sacred moments throughout the year that is accessible for all believers residing in any part of the world even in the comfort of their own homes. The key condition to benefit from such special and divine opportunities is to have the true desire and hunger to benefit. This is possible by initially removing all the barriers and blockers through sincere repentance (توبه نصوح) and then to act on its demands.

Source and Basis of ‘Night of Decree & Power’
There is a dedicated Surat in the Holy Quran (Surat Al-Qadr) in the 30th Para describing the significance and blessedness of this night. It states that this one night in which the Holy
Quran was revealed is better and superior than a thousand nights. It is a night where numerous angels descend in the leadership of Hazrat Jibra’eel (peace be upon them all). It is a night where peace and serenity endures until the break of dawn.

The Holy Quran has used this term Lailat-ul-Qadr (ليلة القدر) in this Surat. In English Lailat-ul-Qadr is translated as The Night of Decree; The Night of Destiny; The Night of Measure; The Night of Power; etc. All these translations are correct based on the various dimensions of the blessed night and the meanings of the word Al-Qadr (القدر).

In the Ahadeeth (Prophetic sayings) there are several Ahadeeth dispensing guidance and details related to the various aspects of this auspicious and great night. For example, the virtues; the potential dates of this great night; the acts of worship to be done; the acts and behaviours to avoid; etc. I want to discuss just one aspect which is the supplication. This is one act we can easily focus on and immerse ourselves in it from all angles (i.e. supplicating and fulfilling its demands).

Which Night is the Night of Decree & Power
According to the narration of Ummul Mumineen Hazrat Aishah Siddiquah (Allah be pleased with her) the Messenger of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) said: Look for Lailat-ul-Qadr (ليلة القدر) in the odd nights of the last ten days of the holy month. This is the view of the majority of scholars too. So it could fall on either the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th of Ramadhan (5 possible nights). Hence, the practice should be to look for it in each of these nights through repentance; turning towards Allah Ta’ala and keeping the nights alive through devotional acts and charity.

One of the reasons of the Sunnah I’itikaf (Devotional Seclusion) is so the Night of Decree & Power is easily accessed and the focus is there to immerse in it. The other reasons of the Sunnah I’itikaf is to increase the devotion in the final ten days and immerse oneself to maximise and harness the divine benefits to one’s best ability. The ultimate goal is to strengthen the connection with Allah Ta’ala. This is easier when one is not distracted by worldly things and is fully focused on this goal.

The Messenger of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) would exert and engage in devotion during these last ten nights to a much greater extent and with much greater zeal than at any other time of the holy month. He would inspire and inflame this passion into his wives too.

Key Devotional Worship for the Night of Decree & Power
The key worship we learn from the Sunnah is the supplication (Dua) the Beloved and Final Prophet of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) taught his beloved wife and mother of the faithful (Ummul Mumineen) Hazrat Aishah Siddiquah (Allah be pleased with her). The nature of the Dua indicates that believers should engage in these odd nights (potential of being the blessed Night of Decree & Power) in a highly focused and centred way towards worship, towards sincere repentance and towards connecting and turning to Allah Ta’ala.

The Dua beautifully contains and encapsulates this essence of the worship of this blessed night.

The supplication is:

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Transliteration: Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu annee

Translation: O Allah! You are the Eliminator of Sins (One who eliminates and wipes out sins and overlooks the shortcomings)! You love to eliminate sins. So eliminate all my sins. (At-Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Aḥmad)

Such a concise, meaningful and beautiful phrase if the words and meanings are understood. There is immense sweetness in repetition of this phrase when done with love, reverence and conviction in the phrase. There is immense effect on the spiritual heart from its repetition.

From this prophetic advice it seems clear the key devotional act in the Night of Decree & Power is turning to Allah Ta’ala through Repentance (Taubah / توبة) in the form of supplication. Through sincere repentance all the sins are wiped out and cleaned from the ‘Book of Deeds and Records’.

Repentance (Taubah / توبة) is the foundation of turning towards Allah Ta’ala (Inabat Ila Allah / انابت الى الله) and an act and practice much loved by Allah Ta’ala and has the subsequent effect of wiping the slate clean as the Dua states.

The Sunnah dua is the most effective, beautiful and succinct way to engage in repentance if it is understood properly and recited with that in mind. The dua is truly prophetic and divine.

In this dua we are invoking the Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ). Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is one of the 99 Beautiful Names of Allah Ta’ala.

Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is that being who wipes away, erases, removes and deletes (Mahw / محو) all the sins clean and overlooks and disregards the acts of disobediences. Hence, Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is that being that removes all the traces and effects of the sins and the acts of disobediences from the spiritual heart, memories, records, book of deeds, angels, etc.

This Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is similar and close in meaning to the Beautiful Name of Al-Ghafoor (الغَفُوْرُ) but embeds one added dimension, depths and richness which the word Al-Ghafoor (الغَفُوْرُ) does not contain and convey. Al-Ghufran (الغُفْرَانُ) – which the word Al-Ghafoor (الغَفُوْرُ) is derived from – conveys the meaning of covering and concealment (Satr / ستر) of sins and placing a veil (pardah / پردہ) over them whereas Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) conveys the meaning of wiping away, erasing, removing and deleting the sins totally clean. And wiping, erasing, removing and deleting sins consists of more depths, richness, substance, effect and is far reaching (ابلغ) than the act of covering and concealing them. Hence, the act of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is greater and more substantial than the act of Al-Ghufran (الغُفْرَانُ).

And it seems from the use of the verb (يعفو) in the Holy Quran (which is also derived from the same root letters that Al-Afuww (العفوّ) is derived from) and the careful study of these Verses we can deduce and also seek and hope that Al-Afuww (العفوّ) will remove and delete all the calamities from our lot, our share and our decree (Al-Qadr) through the blessing and invoking of this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العفوّ). Calamities are closely tied and fastened to the sins we do. Hence, avoiding sins can stop their onslaught. Allah Ta’ala Knows Best!

This Sunnah (Masnoon / مسنون) dua that is to be recited on the Night of Decree & Power is a complete and comprehensive (Jami / حامع) dua. The Sunnah dua has other complimentary dimensions too besides repentance and seeking that Allah Ta’ala eliminates our sins and all our shortcomings (if the Dua is properly understood and then recited accordingly).

It can be used as a means and with the intention to praise Allah Ta’ala; to show to Allah Ta’ala that you know Him (عزّ و جلّ) and you know what He (جلّ جلاله) likes from His (يبحانه) servants; to turn to Allah Ta’ala repeatedly as it is full of Inabat (انابت الى الله / Turning to Allah Ta’ala) as it will be and should frequently and abundantly recited; to supplicate on the removal of calamities from the Book of Records that contain our lot for the following year; etc.

All the above acts are embedded in this Sunnah Dua and it is done via the medium of invoking one of the perfect and most Beautiful Names of Allah Ta’ala for this purpose (i.e. Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ)).

By using this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) in the Dua the Beloved Prophet of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) is also teaching the believers how truly he himself adheres to the commands in the Holy Quran about supplicating using the Beautiful Names of Allah Ta’ala. And also through the components of the Dua teaching us with mercy and compassion how to supplicate and seek maximum benefit from this great and blessed night in an easy and practical way. How can you not love, admire and follow such a noble, caring and compassionate man?

I have tried to give you a flavour of the depths and richness of this short and succinct prophetic Dua in this short piece. I am amazed at the depths it holds and the power it has to turn lives if the above is understood and recited with that in mind on all the odd nights of the last ten days. Immerse yourself in this dua during these special nights. Imagine the effect on you if you engaged in this way on all the special nights with this prophetic supplication. I believe with conviction if it is recited sincerely then the turning around and transforming of lives is certain. It is more certain than the rising of the sun in the morning or the setting of the sun in the evening. Try it and you will see!

Relation and Connection of the Sunnah Dua with the Night of Decree & Power
Allah Ta’ala dropped into my mind and spiritual heart this thought about the relation and connection between this Sunnah Dua and the Night of Decree & Power. All prophetic practices are full of wisdom (حكمت) and are part of a beautifully woven silk net and a beautifully and perfectly structured and designed spiritual building. I continue to be amazed, awed and inspired day in and day out with the depths and wisdoms in the beautiful prophetic teachings. It continues to shed light into the beautiful, pure and sound mind and heart of the Beloved and Final Prophet of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him).

The Night of Decree & Power is the night when the lot and share of the human beings are decreed for the following year whether it is related to blessings like sustenance or otherwise like calamities. Hence, through the Dua it is encouraged that we seek and ask Allah Ta’ala to remove all the calamities that might be in our lot and share; that He treats us with forgiveness and due to our weaknesses removes all the potential calamities that could befall us. We have no strength to bear hardships.

The use and invoking of the Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العفوّ) mentioned in the Sunnah Dua indicate towards this subtle link and relation.

There were a few Verses I came across in my recitation yesterday and the use of the Verb which Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) is derived from also strengthens the above assertion. Those verses are from 25 to 34 from Surat Ash-Shura, Part 25:

وَهُوَ الَّذِيْ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهٖ وَيَعْفُوْا عَنِ السَّيِّاٰتِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُوْنَۙ

“And He it is who accepts repentance from His slaves and forgives sins and He knows what you do.” (Verse 25)

Up to the Verse:

وَمَآ اَصَابَكُمْ مِّنْ مُّصِيْبَةٍ فَبِمَا كَسَبَتْ اَيْدِيْكُمْ وَيَعْفُوْا عَنْ كَثِيْرٍۗ

“And whatever of misfortune befalls you it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much.” (Verse 30)

Then continue up to the Verse:

اَوْ يُوْبِقْهُنَّ بِمَا كَسَبُوْا وَيَعْفُ عَنْ كَثِيْرٍۙ

“Or He may destroy them (by shipwreck) because of that which their (people) have earned. And He pardons much.” (Verse 34)

Relation and Connection of the Sunnah Dua with the ‘Ten Days of Reprieve & Liberation from Hell-Fire (عشرہ آگ سے خلاصی)’
The ‘Final Ten Days of Ramadhan (آخری عشرہ رمضان)’ are actually referred to as the ‘Ten Days of Reprieve & Liberation from Hell-Fire (عشرہ آگ سے خلاصی / عتق من النّار)’. The Prophetic Dua related to the Night of Decree & Power (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر) consists of the Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ). There is a strong link and connection between these two aspects.

I did not have this understanding of this link and connection when I penned this reflective piece two years ago (in 2020/1441 A.H) as I had not linked and jotted these dots prior to this divine gifting. This is a divine gifting in this sacred and blessed month (in 2022/1443 A.H). Hence, this is a section I have added and included this time round before sharing this reflective piece with the readers. الحمد لله اوّلاً و آخراً

I need to expand on this reasoning to shed light between the Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) and it’s link and connection to gaining reprieve, liberation and emancipation from Hell-Fire (النّار).

There are five preliminary points I need to spell out for me to clearly and fully explain to you this link and connection. This logical approach will help and aid in making it easier for you to understand. This will highlight and clearly show the depths, poignancy and beauty this Prophetic Dua embeds and encompasses. Only a Messenger of Allah Ta’ala can instruct and construct such divine words regarding a special and sacred occasion so effortlessly and in such a concise and complete manner.

The first preliminary point is that we know from the Sunnah that the key worship during the Final Ten Days of Ramadhan (آخری عشرہ رمضان) is the supplication (Dua) the Beloved and Final Prophet of Allah Ta’ala, Prophet Muhammad (peace, blessings and salutations be upon him) taught his beloved wife and mother of the faithful (Ummul Mumineen) Hazrat Aishah Siddiquah (Allah be pleased with her). The supplication is:

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Transliteration: Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu annee

Translation: O Allah! You are the Eliminator of Sins (One who eliminates and wipes out sins and overlooks the shortcomings)! You love to eliminate sins. So eliminate all my sins. (At-Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Aḥmad)

This Dua beautifully embeds and encapsulates the essence of the worship of this blessed night.

The second preliminary point is that Duas are readily accepted in this sacred night due to the increase and abundance of divine mercies descending in this Night of Decree & Power (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر).

The third preliminary point is that this highly important Prophetic Dua related to the Night of Decree & Power (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر) contains the perfect Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) in this context. Also, the variation of the root word of Al-Afw (العَفْوُ) occurs three times in this short Dua. The crux of this root word is at the centre and forefront of this Prophetic Dua for a key reason.

The fourth preliminary point is the overwhelming view of the scholars is that the Night of Decree & Power (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر) mostly falls in the Final Ten Days of Ramadhan (آخری عشرہ رمضان).

The fifth preliminary point is the ‘Final Ten Days of Ramadhan (آخری عشرہ رمضان)’ are actually referred to as the ‘Ten Days of Reprieve & Liberation from Hell-Fire (عشرہ آگ سے خلاصی / عتق من النّار)’. What this means is that those who are destined for Hell-Fire are given reprieve, liberation and emancipation. They are saved from this painful torment.

After mentioning these introductory and preliminary points I can mention the actual link. The link and connection the Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) has with this divine act of granting and the recipients gaining reprieve, liberation and emancipation from Hell-Fire is by invoking this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) at a time when the chances of acceptance of supplication is extremely high can effect in the invoking and the display (تجلّي) of this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) being showered in the one supplicating and for whoever they are supplicating for. This display (تجلّي) of this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) will effect in totally erasing and wiping the slate and record of the deeds of the believer clean from all sins. When the sins of a believer is wiped totally clean (due to the acceptance of the Dua) then that makes the supplicating believer eligible of entry for Paradise (even if they were doomed for Hell-Fire). There is no need for the believer to be thrown in Hell-Fire to clean up the filth of the sins as they are already purified. Their record of deeds and their spiritual heart has been cleansed. A believer is only thrown in Hell-Fire for purification (تطهيراً) purposes. It is not really a punishment (تعذيباً). Punishment of the Hell-Fire is only for the disbelievers (كفّار). A believer cannot enter Paradise until they have been purified from all sins. Hence, by a believer supplicating via this Prophetic Dua and due to the increase in the Duas being accepted the believer will be given reprieve, liberation and emancipation. This is the crux of the link and the connection. It is very deep as there many preliminary and intermediary points to understand and digest.

This is the detailed explanation between the use of this Beautiful Name of Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) in this Prophetic Dua linked to the ‘Final Ten Days of Ramadhan (آخری عشرہ رمضان)’ which are referred to as the ‘Ten Days of Reprieve & Liberation from Hell-Fire (عشرہ آگ سے خلاصی / عتق من النّار)’. There is a strong link and connection between them.

Make this Prophetic dua a staple in your supplications during the nights in particular and also days of this final segment (ten days) of the holy and sacred month of Ramadhan. Supplicate via this Prophetic dua after the obligatory Salah, night prayers (Tahajjud), at night in general; during the day whilst you are going about your day, etc. Through it seek your total and absolute removal of all the traces and effects of the sins and the acts of disobediences and also seek your reprieve and liberation from Hell-Fire.

Also, due to the link and connection mentioned include your deceased in this Prophetic Duas of yours. So they can also benefit from the reprieve, liberation and emancipation it offers.

Recite and supplicate via this adjusted Prophetic dua to include your deceased family members, relatives, friends and other well-wishers in your life. Think of your deceased when you are saying the final word عَنَّا as it is a plural including those you are making intention to include in this Dua of yours.

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنَّا

Transliteration: Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anna

Translation: O Allah! You are the Eliminator of Sins (One who eliminates, erases and wipes away sins and overlooks and disregards the shortcomings)! You love to eliminate sins. So eliminate all our (including our deceased) sins.

A Sample and Easy Plan for the Night of Decree & Power
Engage in these acts. They are less in number and doable by all so make a concerted effort that the odd special nights have more acts of worship and more devotion than the other nights without tiring yourself and then doing nothing the next few days.

Most of the devotional acts mentioned in the plan are those you will be engaging in anyway and maybe there will be some you will need to add. If you are already doing all these devotional acts then increase the quantity (كميت) and quality (كفيت) or at least just the quality (كفيت) of the devotional acts. The key is to increase in some way (preferably both) but focus on the objective of this great night (Sincere repentance and strengthening and solidifying your connection with Allah Ta’ala) and work towards achieving that. Hence, this night is also by design linked to the objective of this holy and auspicious month (to develop Taqwa (تقوىٰ)). It is there to highly charge you to reach this objective. It is there by design to strengthen and re-enforce you to acquire the objective of this holy and auspicious month. How many opportunities are we being given to acquire the objective of this holy month. The more I reflect the more I am awed, amazed and overwhelmed by the love of Allah Ta’ala, Ar-Rahman (الرَّحْمٰنُ), Ar-Raheem (الرَّحِيمُ).

Day Time
During the day (until Maghrib) prepare mentally for the Night of Decree & Power by reciting Al-Afuww (العَفُوُّ) as much as you can standing, sitting and walking alongside the usual devotional practices you have to do. This small practice will help you get mentally ready and focused for the night ahead. It will help you sharpen your focus on the objective you are trying to seek and acquire during the Night of Decree & Power.

Night Time
In the UK the nights are short (and if you are following the 18 degrees for Fajar then the nights are very very short) so on these odd nights one can make every effort to stay engaged and busy in worship throughout the night.

For those countries where the nights are long then by all means rest in between to stay alert but do engage in more worship with an added level of devotion than usual during these special nights.

There is a need to go out of your way and immerse in what the sacred night has to offer.

Wait for the coming of Maghrib and How to Effectively Spend the ‘Night of Decree & Power’ (Lailat-ul-Qadr / ليلة القدر) the Maghrib time comes break your fast and perform the Maghrib Salah with congregation in the Masjid. This is not possible for most of us at the moment due to the lockdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic but in future when you can then do so.

After the Sunnah Muakkadah Salah of Maghrib perform 2 or 4 rakats with the intention of Awwabeen (اوّابين).

Once you head home from the Masjid then start reciting repeatedly the special Sunnah Dua (above) of this night at all opportune times standing, walking, sitting, waiting, and whilst doing anything else where you can still engage and keep your tongue busy in this dua like washing the dishes and cleaning up, etc. The same can be done whilst heading for Isha and Taraweeh Salah and then heading back home after that.

Have a light meal and avoid overeating so laziness does not kick in. The engagement in worship is better and more enjoying when the stomach is light (not full).

Pray Isha Salah with congregation in the Masjid.

Perform the 20 rakats of Taraweeh in congregation with full devotion and focus in every rakat and at every posture.

Perform the Witr Salah in congregation with devotion.

Perform 2, 4, 6 rakats of Tahajjud Salah in the Masjid or at home before partaking the Suhoor (Sehri). Engage in supplication with humility and beg of and beseech Allah Ta’ala. If you can cry then cry or make the appearance of crying and begging like a beggar that you truly mean what you are asking and truly need the things you are asking like practice on the Deen, stopping of sins, removal of calamities, afiyah, etc. Repent to Allah Ta’ala from all sins you might be engaged in that you will never do them again and seek His Divine assistance in this regards. Ask Allah Ta’ala to ease the year ahead and grant you, your family and the entire Muslim Ummah and humanity afiyah.

Recite one Ruku or a page of the Holy Quran during the night too.

Take some money out or put aside as Sadaqah during the night. This could be whatever amount you have the strength and generosity of heart to give. At least give a £1 during this odd nights.

Avoid all forms of sins during the night like backbiting, gossip, wasting time, etc.

Avoid any excess talk during these odd nights even with family members. Ask all family members to engage in acts of worship and as a minimum to engage in reciting the Sunnah Dua repeatedly with the understanding and vigour as described above.

Any time you have spare during the night (or when you feel tired) engage in reciting the Sunnah Dua at the very least. The Sunnah Dua needs to be said excessively (کثرت کے ساتھ پڑھو) throughout the night at any moments you can.

Partake the Sunnah Suhoor at the last portion of the night before dawn.

For those sisters who cannot engage in Salah and recitation of the Holy Quran due to their natural cycles then engage excessively in reciting the Sunnah Dua; engage in dua in general; listening to the Holy Quran; engaging in supplication and avoiding any excess talk and all forms of sins.

Supplication
O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Grant us all the taufeeq to maximise and appreciate these blessed nights; to engage in worship with devotion; to avoid all forms of sins and to repent from all sins and spiritual barriers that prevent us from forgiveness and that create distance from the mercy of Allah Ta’ala.

O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Grant us all that we achieve the objective of the blessed night; objective of fasting and the objective of this holy and auspicious month.

O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Grant us all the blessed month for many many years to come with afiyah. So we can prepare for our Hereafter.

O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Remove all the sufferings, poverty and oppression from the Muslim Ummah.

O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Remove this pandemic from the surface of the earth and grant every human being respite, safety and protection.

O Allah Ta’ala, Al-Mujeeb (المُجِيْبُ)! Have mercy on humanity and guide everyone to the Truth.

اللّٰهمّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيْ رَمَضَانَ

اللّٰهمّ سَلِّمْنَا لِرَمَضانَ، وسَلِّمْ رَمَضانَ لنَا وتَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا مُتَقَبَّلًا

آمین یارب العلمین بجاہ سیدالمرسلین علیہ الصلوۃ والتسلیم
و صلى الله على النبى الحبيب الشفيع الرؤوف الرحيم

(Tuesday 19th May 2020 – 26th Ramadhan Al-Kareem 1441 A.H)

P:S: I am a graduate of Darul Uloom Deoband. I certified as an Aalim and a Mufti at this prestigious seat of advanced Islamic learning. I thought it should be mentioned (and has been suggested) so it provides some credibility and comfort for those reading (and who don’t know me).

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